In order to achieve certainty when diagnosing Multiple Sclerosis, it is important that the doctor does not rely solely on reported symptoms. In fact, doctors do perform various tests and then compile a detailed medical history, which includes information on any possible past trauma or injuries as well as medications taken now and in the past, and any relevant family medical history as well. Although it is not proven that MS is genetic in nature, doctors will ask because some do believe a link exists.

As symptoms what manifest for this disease can be shared with other illnesses, the doctor will also perform blood tests to exclude pathogens such as HIV or Lyme disease. Along with this, the lumbar puncture performed will take samples of the cerebrospinal fluid and check them for the number of antibodies. A high number of these antibodies is a sign of…