The primary function of myelin is to transfer signals from the brain to the skull. When Disseminated Sclerosis sets in, it is unable to do this function. It is also known as MS or Multiple Sclerosis. Myelin forms a protective layer around the nerves. For reasons that are as yet unknown to medical science, the body’s immune system turns on itself and attacks the myelin. This results in the myelin getting damaged. When this damage occurs, it causes a disruption in the signals from the brain. Depending on the extent of the damage, the signals may be lost partially or completely from reaching the nerves. Over time, the nerves get damaged and wither away. This condition results in many symptoms and the patient may suffer from one or several of them.


Symptoms of Disseminated Sclerosis


Some of the symptoms are visual blurring or double vision, speech impairment, fatigue, cognitive impairment, weakness, pain, loss of balance, bowel and urine incontinence and a feeling of pins and needles in the arms and legs. If left untreated, it can lead to an aggravation of the symptoms and in rare cases it can result in disability. As the disease does not follow a predictable pattern, the symptoms vary from person to person.


Treatment of Disseminated Sclerosis


There are a host of treatments available to deal with the symptoms arising from Disseminated Sclerosis. They endeavour to lessen the symptom so that the patient can lead a quality life. However, they cannot reverse the damage that has already occurred. The drugs commonly used are corticosteroids and adrenocorticotrophic hormone. Research is still underway to find a cure to prevent the onset of Disseminated Sclerosis. It is very important to address the symptoms at the onset so that further damage can be prevented at the earliest.


Living with Disseminated Sclerosis


The good news is that the disease seldom progresses to a stage where disability sets in. In most cases, the symptoms don’t aggravate and are mild in nature. In the case where it affects the normal day to day functions or affects the quality of life, a change in the patient’s lifestyle will be needed to better adapt to the condition.