Multiple sclerosis is a neurological disease that includes demyelination as one of its symptoms and associated conditions. The demyelination process is similar to other neurological diseases, but the demyelination of brain nerves occurs more often in multiple sclerosis. This is because the demyelination in multiple sclerosis occurs in the central nervous system, affecting nerves that send signals to the brain.
Demyelination occurs when the myelin sheath that surrounds and protects nerves gets damaged. This occurs in many different neurological diseases, including multiple sclerosis. The onset can come after an infection, such as post viral demyelination, exposure to certain chemicals, or for unknown reasons. It can cause a variety of symptoms, from loss of feeling in the extremities and the face, muscle weakness, tingling or stinging sensations, loss of balance, fatigue, vision problems, cognitive problems, and even incontinence issues.
Issues with myelin and the nerves are not shown on an X-ray or CAT scan. An MRI must be used to get an image of the damage done in the body. In multiple sclerosis, an MRI can show the damage that has been done to the nerves in the brain, and it can also show any lesions that have formed due to inflammation.
Treatment For The Demyelination Process
The demyelination process is a long one, involving a progressive set of symptoms as the myelin destruction gets worse in the body. There is currently no treatment or medication available to completely stop the process of demyelination. However, there are many different treatments on the market that can help people slow the demyelination process and reduce their symptoms.
Medication is typically used in people who have demyelination going on in their bodies, regardless of the type of the disease they have. The goal of the medication is to reduce the inflammation and to help slow down the destruction of the myelin sheath. Most treatments are administered through injection or intravenously.
Lifestyle changes are also important for taking care of a body with demyelination. Proper nutrition can help the body defend itself against illness and protect the myelin sheath. A medical professional can help a person with a chronic disease that features demyelination learn more about the most important nutrients, vitamins, and minerals to get on a daily basis.